Welcome     Essays Vol 1


Understanding Prout

Volume 1

About the book


Understanding Prout – Volume 1 contains four essays on different aspects of Prout. Brief synopses of the essays can be found below.



What readers say

In the search for alternatives to the world's current social and economic trajectory, Prout offers a vision of a compelling future as well as practical ways forward. Moving between theory and praxis, Understanding Prout presents both policy analysis and incisive prescriptions. Packed with innovative ideas, this easy to read book makes Prout accessible to all.

Sohail Inayatullah, Professor, Tamkung University, Taiwan,
and University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Understanding Prout sets out economic, educational, philosophical and ecological alternatives to contemporary global society, and as such is an important addition to the growing body of literature on sustainability and social change.

Ivana Milojevic, Adjunct Professor, University of the Sunshine Coast

In a world economic system marked by rampant ecological destruction and inhuman disparities between the poverty of the many and the wealth of the few, the Prout movement stands for bold and audacious innovation. Understanding Prout explores new frameworks, models and living examples of sustainability, cooperative economics and cultural transformation.

Jose Ramos, Researcher and Social Innovator

The Biopsychology of Cooperation

Michael Towsey

The cooperative system is fundamental to the organisation and structure of a Proutist economy. It is an expression of economic democracy in action. Cooperative enterprises give workers the right of capital ownership, collective management and all the associated benefits, such as profit sharing. Sarkar, the propounder of Prout, goes further and argues that an egalitarian society is actually not possible without a commitment to the cooperative system. The commitment is not just to an economic order but also to a cooperative ethic and culture. This essay explores cooperation from the ethical, social and cultural perspective.


Education for Liberation

Marcus Bussey

A paradox lies at the heart of modern education. It has achieved great things yet it has also failed to prepare people for a future that now asks different questions of humanity.

The Three-Tier Enterprise System

Michael Towsey

Prout’s economic model is first and foremost based on the cooperative system and in this respect it stands in marked contrast to both capitalism and communism. However, Sarkar has not succumbed to a ‘dogma of cooperatives’. Rather he recognises (and experience has clearly demonstrated) that all three systems of business ownership are appropriate in different circumstances.

WAter and Land Management

Michael Towsey

Just as 20th century water policy focused on hydraulic engineering, so the 21st century approach will be about ecosystem management and biotechnology. It will be about working with the water cycle and ecological and biological processes rather than usurping them. We cannot live outside ecosystem dynamics.